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Notes on the 4th String

The D Note

To play the D note, pick the open 4th string.

The E Note

Play the E note with the second finger of your left hand behind the second fret of the 4th string.

The F Note

Play the F note with the third finger of your left hand behind the third fret of the 4th string.

24
24(Lead Part Notes)

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24(Rhythm Part Chords)

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Minor Chords

There are three main types of chords: Major, Seventh and Minor. The chord symbol for the minor chord is a small ‘m’ placed after the letter name.

D Minor Chord

Dm

To play the Dm chord, use the first, second and third fingers of your left hand as shown in the diagram. Strum only five strings.

25

The following example contains a D minor chord and uses notes on the 4th string.

25(Lead Part Notes)

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25(Rhythm Part Chords)

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Remember to use the pivot finger technique

The use of pivot fingers will make chord changes easier:

  • Use your first finger as a pivot when changing between C and D7.
  • Use your second finger as a pivot when changing between D7 and Dm.
  • Use your first finger as a pivot when changing between Dm and G7.

Turnaround Progressions

In Lesson 4, you were introduced to the 12 Bar Blues chord progression. Another common chord progression to learn is called the Turnaround. Like 12 Bar Blues, it is the basis of many songs, and it will probably sound familiar to you. Unlike 12 Bar Blues, where the progression occurs over a fixed number of bars, the Turnaround progression may vary in length as in the examples that follow, however the chord sequence remains the same. Some of the biggest hit records of all time are based upon the Turnaround progression. Every year since the beginning of Rock music there are hit songs based upon 12 Bar Blues and Turnaround progressions.

Songs using the Turnaround progression

  • Stand by Me – John Lennon
  • I Will Always Love You – Whitney Houston
  • Return to Sender – Elvis Presley
  • All I Have to do is Dream – Everly Brothers
  • Be My Baby – The Ronettes
  • Everlasting Love – U2
  • Can’t Smile Without You – Barry Manilow
  • Please Mr Postman – The Beatles
  • Blue Moon – Various Artists
  • Tell Me Why – The Beatles
  • Lets Twist Again – Chubby Checker

All Turnaround progressions contain at least one minor chord. The following chord progression is a Turnaround in the key of G and it contains a new chord, E minor (Em).

E Minor Chord

Em

To play the Em chord, use the second and third fingers of your left hand as shown in the diagram. Strum all six strings.

26Turnaround in the Key of G Major
26Turnaround in the Key of G Major

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27Turnaround in the Key of G Major

In this Turnaround there are two bars of each chord.

27Turnaround in the Key of G Major (Lead Part Notes)

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27Turnaround in the Key of G Major (Rhythm Part Chords)

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A Minor Chord

Am

To play the Am chord use the first, second and third fingers of your left hand as shown in the diagram. Strum all six strings.

28Turnaround in the Key of C Major
28Turnaround in the Key of C Major (Lead Part Notes)

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28Turnaround in the Key of C Major (Rhythm Part Chords)

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